China’s land area is about 9.6 million square kilometers, and the forest coverage rate is as high as 23%. Japan’s land area is about 378000 square kilometers, but the forest coverage rate accounts for 70% of the country’s area. It is also one of the countries with the highest forest coverage rate in the world. According to the proportion data, Japan’s vegetation coverage rate is very high, almost completely living in the gloomy forest, only from the ecological point of view The higher the coverage, the better the ecological environment.
But now it is said that China’s vegetation coverage is better and Japan should be left far behind. What’s the matter? After all, according to the data, this is totally contrary to the facts. Let’s introduce the specific situation today.
Why is China’s forest coverage better now?
According to the national data network forest resources survey report, China now has a forest coverage rate of about 23% and a total area of about 220 million hectares, which ranks among the top three in the world. There is no doubt, but someone even proposed that it can also rank first in the world. When will China’s greening rank first in the world?
In fact, land area is an important factor, because China’s land area is large, so even if the proportion is low, the final coverage rate is very high. Therefore, for other countries with many natural forests, the coverage rate must be excellent. At the same time, in 2015, China’s forest coverage rate was about 21.66%, but all the goals were achieved in 2016, and a few years later, China’s forest coverage rate was about 21.66% Under the leadership of the government, we will continue to optimize and carry out forest transformation. According to the statistics in March 2020, the national forest coverage rate will be as high as 23%, directly increasing by many percentage points. It took only four years to achieve great results. This is really an excellent situation.
According to the data plan released by the National Bureau of statistics, China hopes that by the end of 2020, the vegetation coverage rate will increase to 23.04%, the forest reserves will increase by 16.5 billion cubic meters, the wetland will continue to grow, about 800 million mu, more than 17% of the forest nature reserves, and more than 10 million hectares of new sandy land will be needed. These are the most stable data.
According to the current situation, China’s green space plan is actually one of the sustainable development plans. Even though Japan has a high forest coverage rate, it can not be compared because of the proportion of land area.
Japan’s forests are many virgin forests, while China’s are some transformed areas, most of which belong to the areas with poor ecological environment. China’s efforts to increase the proportion of ecosystems through such transformation are totally different from Japan’s virgin forests. NASA of the United States once praised China’s contribution to the greening of the earth, which is better than Japan.
Where is the most prominent vegetation coverage in China?
The transformation of Yuanshan forest farm is a major breakthrough. When it was built in 1957, the area was only 44000 mu. However, over the past 60 years, the forest coverage rate has changed from less than 2% to 94.4%. This is also a case nominated in many textbooks. After all, it is the most famous benchmark for improving forest coverage rate. At the same time, there is the Maowusu Desert, which is about to be built soon It has disappeared from the territory of Shaanxi. In 2020, many people will continue to pay attention to this place. The desertification control rate here has reached 93.24%. Scientists all think that this is a miracle. After all, the desert can return to oasis. There is no second case in the world.
Although the desert is not big, but because of China’s vast territory, the proportion of desert is small, the area can not be underestimated.
What are the benefits of increasing vegetation coverage?
For the earth, if the forest no longer exists, the ecosystem will gradually disappear. The sun provides energy for human beings, while the forest provides basic protection for human beings. If there is no forest, the natural change will be more extreme. People will live on an earth with extremely deteriorated environment. For example, after excessive deforestation, the forest will disappear, and the greening of the earth will be basically impossible No longer exists, the absorbed carbon dioxide will be further released, in addition, there will be a large number of pollutants to accelerate the earth’s pollution.
In the end, with the increase of greenhouse effect pollutant emissions, the earth’s temperature has become more and more strange. Extreme high temperature and strong storms will gradually affect human survival. If we want to protect the ecosystem at that time, it can be said that it is even more difficult. Therefore, the possibility of forest greening should be paid attention to now. From the perspective of ecological protection, this is very necessary. At the same time, this plan needs to be fully implemented Human beings work together. This time, it’s really a human community.
But now there are still some countries who don’t think so. They just hope to grab resources blindly, which may eventually lead to the collapse of the earth. If there is no forest, the animals and plants that depend on it will disappear. This is the situation that is roughly affected. In the final analysis, whether the greening is good or bad, or more or less, is not so important. The most important thing is that we all adhere to one faith Read, can slowly toward their goals to work hard, this is the best.