This paper takes part in the series essay competition of “great science” of Recordunkown
Where is the coldest place in the world? Some people think of Antarctica and the Arctic, others think of Siberia. Under different opinions, I think the degree of coldness is different in different places, such as in different places
Land locked countries
Kazakhstan is also the largest in the world
Its climate is also very cold. How cold is it? Let’s take a look at the news below.
More than 30 degrees below zero, outdoor dairy cows in Kazakhstan become ice sculptures
If you have never been through a cold winter, when you first come to Kazakhstan in winter, your first feeling is: cold! It’s cold! Extremely cold! Especially in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, the temperature in winter is about minus 40 degrees. Some people compare the winter here to the extremely cold version of Siberia. Looking around, the snow capped everything seems to be solidified, quiet and beautiful, people are reluctant to disturb.
Compared with other inland countries, Kazakhstan has a complex terrain, with plains and lowlands. The main feature is that Kazakhstan is low in the northwest and high in the southeast. From the perspective of geographical characteristics, Kazakhstan is far away from the sea, and most of its land area is located in the desert. In Kazakh region, there is a serious problem of water shortage. Although Kazakhstan has distinct winter and summer, it is snowy all year round at the top of its lofty mountains.
According to relevant foreign media reports, recently, the temperature in Kazakhstan dropped sharply, once as low as 30 ℃, and many animals were directly frozen outdoors. One of them, a dairy cow, stood still in the thick snow. The master went to check it carefully,
It turns out that the cow has become an ice sculpture
！ In addition, a rabbit was frozen in the process of crossing the fence, and its body became stiff. Finally, Kazakh residents spent a lot of effort to pull the dead rabbit out of the fence.
In the past year, the extremely cold temperature has hit the whole interior of Kazakhstan, no matter in the east or the middle, the temperature has dropped significantly, and there is Blizzard weather, and the lowest temperature has reached minus 40 ℃. In this extremely cold weather, it brings great trouble to people’s daily life. Although the weather is cold, the Kazakh people have started a new trend of “going the other way”——
Bathing in the snow with bare arms
They seem to be “showing off” that they are not afraid of the cold.
In addition, the cold winter in Kazakhstan has made a lot of skiers. For example, mount Qiongbulake in alatao mountain is 3500 meters above sea level, which is an ideal ski resort. The snow path here is not only long, but also extremely steep. Skiers from all over the world will ski here. However, in such extremely cold weather, the relevant person in charge has repeatedly reminded the public to minimize travel and stay in warm rooms, but frostbite and death still occur from time to time.
The picture shows the Qiongbulake Peak Ski Resort
So is Kazakhstan’s extremely cold weather normal?
From the geographical location, we can see that Kazakhstan has a distinct climate throughout the year, especially in winter, which lasts for more than five months. The lowest temperature is close to minus 45 degrees Celsius, and the ground is covered with thick snow. The extreme cold weather in Kazakhstan is also a normal phenomenon. From the distribution area of the lowest temperature, we can see that the severe cold in Kazakhstan is affected by the cold climate in North Central Asia. We need to know that the global atmosphere is one. The colder Kazakhstan is, the colder China’s climate will be. For example, it’s like a long river. If there is a flood in the upper reaches of the river, the lower reaches will be affected, but the time of impact is different.
More than 500 livestock were frozen to death in Xinjiang due to sudden drop of temperature and snow
What should the weather be like in June? In the eyes of many people, June should be the season of birds’ singing and flowers’ fragrance. The scene of vitality and prosperity is intoxicating. However, in China’s Xinjiang and other places, in June 2020, the temperature in most areas began to drop sharply, and some areas also began to snow. Unexpectedly, nearly 500 livestock were frozen to death. Many netizens are very surprised that the temperature has not reached more than minus 20 degrees, why these livestock will be frozen to death?
As June is summer, many herdsmen have finished shearing their sheep. The sudden cooling and heavy snow made many lambs have no “coat” to resist the cold, and eventually they were frozen to death. One herdsman in the horse farm of kuokesu Township in tex County said: “I never dreamed that the natural and man-made disaster would come unexpectedly. In one night, 11 sheep were frozen to death, and more than 10 were missing. The initial economic loss reached more than 30000 yuan.” At the same time, more than 400 tourists and more than 100 vehicles were stranded in the Dushu highway and Tangbula mountain area, which pass through the north and south of Tianshan Mountain. Such a strange weather, there are many people summed up as“
In June, you are naked in the southern sun, and I am wrapped in minks in the snow in Xinjiang
Xinjiang in June, heavy snow, temperature plummeted, this weather normal?
Some netizens can’t help but ask: “in the season when everything is full of vitality, is it reasonable for Xinjiang to suddenly drop its temperature?” June is a romantic season, but there is snow in Xinjiang. In ancient times, there is a saying that there must be injustice in the flying snow in June. In ancient historical records, there must be a case of injustice and falsehood in the flying snow in June. Therefore, it is impossible to see snow in most areas of China in June. If the snow event happened in June, the ancient people believed that it must be a corrupt official who committed a heinous crime, offended God and brought disaster to the world. For example, in the literary works, there is the drama “Dou E’s injustice”, for which the Peking Opera masters in China adapted and created a Peking Opera named “snow in June”.
The ancient people’s understanding of the flying snow in June is feudal and superstitious, so looking at modern times, why does the place in Xinjiang fall in snow in June? Let’s first look at the necessary conditions for the formation of snow. Snow is a natural phenomenon. It is a kind of ice crystal formed in the atmosphere. Snow is closely related to water, that is, from liquid to solid, and finally back to steam. When the temperature gets cold and the water vapor is saturated, there will be snowfall. In June, the warm air dominated the whole country. Affected by the warm air flow, the cold air had to be forced out of the country. Of course, the cold air counterattacked. The cold and snowy weather in Xinjiang in June was the result of the cold air counterattack.
The picture shows the flying snow in June in Xinjiang
In other words, the weather of flying snow in June in Xinjiang is mostly due to the high altitude weather in summer
. In addition to Xinjiang’s cold and snowy weather in June, Moscow also had “snow in June” in the 1980s. The reason for Moscow’s cold and snowy weather in June is that
It is caused by the invasion of China. Scientists believe that the snowfall in June in Xinjiang is mainly affected by the invasion of cold air. Of course, we can’t rule out some factors such as abnormal climate, solar activity and ocean current change. On the whole, it’s not normal weather for snow to cool down in June.
Because of the abnormal climate, there have been floods in China
In addition to the climate anomalies in Xinjiang, the climate anomalies also occurred in the Jiangnan region and the Yangtze River Basin. For example, in 1998, under the influence of El Nino, an unprecedented flood disaster occurred in the Yangtze River Basin. Rainstorm is rampant in all parts of the country, and the heavy rainfall frequency is more than normal, but it is scattered. In July, the upper reaches of the Yangtze River, the Huaihe River, the Yellow River and the Haihe River entered the flood season one after another. Under the background of super El Nino, the subtropical high is very strong, which leads to the continuous transportation of water vapor from the Indian Ocean to the south of China. After the El Nino phenomenon appeared, it also caused the typhoon anomaly.
The picture shows the Yangtze River flood in 1998
People should be prepared for the abnormal climate in the future
The abnormal climate is extremely easy to cause natural disasters, for the future frequent abnormal climate, human beings should be prepared in advance. For example, because of drastic climate change, there are earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters. In Russia, especially in the west, due to the long-term absence of snow and water in winter, a large number of crops have been reduced. In addition, India, Pakistan and all parts of Southeast Asia are also affected by the abnormal climate, resulting in the phenomenon of food shortage. In the face of the continuous growth of population, the continuous reduction of food production, famine and drought all over the world.
From the end of 2019 to the beginning of 2020, nature has issued a threat warning signal to human beings. Hundreds of billions of locusts have invaded West Asia, East Africa, South Asia and other places. This is the most serious locust disaster in decades. Food production in various countries has declined, and some even have no harvest. In this severe situation, many countries have declared a state of emergency. The most fundamental reason for the locust plague was that the original natural balance was broken by the abnormal climate.
Generally speaking, the temperature of the Indian Ocean is slightly higher or lower, which has little impact on the climate. However, when the temperature of the Western pole of the Indian Ocean is significantly higher or lower than that of the eastern pole, it will lead to extreme climate phenomena. In other words, when the temperature in the West pole of the Indian Ocean is lower than that in the East pole, it will be extremely rainy in the East Indian Ocean. This humid climate can promote the locusts to breed in large numbers, and eventually invade East Africa and West Asia in the process of long-distance migration.
Nowadays, with the worsening of the ecological environment, only disasters are returned to human beings by nature. In the future, the weather will be difficult to control, which is more and more beyond people’s imagination. Storms will be unprepared, and all crops and livestock will be destroyed by floods and tornadoes. Prices will continue to rise, and the balance of nature will be completely broken by the abnormal climate. For us human beings, the only thing that can change is to stop destroying the ecological environment, the emergence of low-carbon green, reduce the greenhouse effect, protect our earth, and help future generations build a beautiful home.