Human beings have never stopped exploring space. In order to explore the sky conveniently, people invented high-tech technologies such as satellite exploration, spaceship and space station, and successfully landed on the moon.
With the continuous development of science and technology, human beings will make greater breakthroughs in space exploration. However, these achievements of human beings have experienced numerous repeated experiments before they are successful.
For example, the United States sent a three-year-old chimpanzee into space before the official experiment of manned space flight. So, what’s the fate of this chimpanzee?
After the end of the Second World War, both the United States and the Soviet Union became world powers and had the ambition to dominate the world. However, they were not satisfied with each other, and the two countries fell into the cold war.
To prove that they were the strongest, the Soviet Union and the United States did their best to show their military strength. However, in order to avoid another large-scale war, the two countries dare not launch more wars at will. Instead, they put their strength into science, technology and space.
With the Soviet Union taking the lead in researching and launching the world’s first man-made satellite in 1957, the Soviet American space race officially began. At this time, the United States felt a deep sense of crisis, because he found that although his weapons and equipment were better than those of the Soviet Union, his achievements in space were far less than those of the Soviet Union.
So the United States began to study space science and technology, but before the United States launched the satellite, the Soviet Union made new achievements. One month after the first satellite was launched, the Soviet Union launched a second satellite.
This satellite is different from the previous one, because it also carried a Russian hound named Leica. It turned out that the Soviet Union was already studying manned space technology, and the hound was responsible for exploring this road.
Even the Soviet Union was not ready to let it come back, so the hound went around the earth with a satellite. Seven days later, the oxygen ran out and the Leica hound died. The fate of the Hound is as miserable as the canary in the coal mine.
Because the canary is very sensitive to gas or other toxic gases, as long as they smell a little toxic gas, they will faint, so the miners will take the Canary to the coal mine. If the canary has a problem, they will evacuate immediately, so as to avoid the accident.
Like the Soviet Union, the U.S. space program is also prepared to let animals explore the road first to ensure safety, and then implement the manned space program to protect human life and health.
However, the animals chosen in the United States are not dogs, but chimpanzees, because chimpanzees are primates, most similar to humans. Before putting chimpanzees into space, the United States gave them special training to ensure their safe return to earth.
At that time, a total of 40 chimpanzees participated in two and a half years of special training, and finally chose a chimpanzee named “ham” to do the experiment.
In two and a half years of special training, American experts used various instruments to test ham, including its response to temperature, speed and different gravity. They also trained ham in various operations in the capsule, such as his ability to respond to light and sound, requiring him to push the putter within five seconds of seeing the blue flash.
If it succeeds, it will be rewarded, if it fails, it will be tapped. Fifty nine years ago, in 1961, three-year-old ham was entrusted with the task of entering space in an American spaceship. However, Ham’s journey did not go well because the spacecraft broke down soon after it left the ground.
At first, the United States planned to fly the spacecraft at an altitude of 115 miles, but in the end, the actual altitude of the spacecraft reached 157 miles, which was a very low oxygen content. Without oxygen, ham would die.
But unexpectedly, in such a critical situation, ham successfully completed the space mission and successfully returned to earth. However, when it entered the earth’s atmosphere, the spacecraft suddenly dropped sharply, making ham feel completely weightless, and then it fell into the Atlantic Ocean.
Fortunately, rescue workers arrived in time and successfully rescued ham. Ham’s greatest luck was to be able to go through the journey without injury.
The space trip took 16 minutes and 39 seconds. Ham successfully completed the task and won an apple and half an orange as a reward after leaving the cabin. Later, ham was sent to live in Washington National Zoo and died at the age of 25.
Generally speaking, the average life span of normal chimpanzees is about 40 years, while Ham’s life span has been shortened by nearly 15 years due to space gravity and other factors.
However, Ham’s experience also provides valuable data and experience for the success of human manned space technology.