The Chernobyl leak still has a great impact. Nuclear energy is a double-edged sword. It can not only help human beings improve their production and life, but also threaten and even destroy human beings. Then the nuclear leak happened in 1986, but now the pollution continues.
The reason why it has been mentioned by us all the time is that the negative effects it brings continue.
As we all know, there are a lot of raw materials for the reaction of “Chernobyl”. At the same time, the amount of radioactive elements is also very large. When an explosion occurs, the radioactive pollution to the ground is thousands of times stronger than that of the atomic bomb. Therefore, all radioactive dust has been living in the air. At the same time, there are different kinds of radioactive substances in the soil, resulting in the explosion point with a radius of 50 km Inside, all the land is polluted.
Here, I have to mention Hiroshima and Nagasaki in those days. Why do people gather again now? Due to the high radiation level of Chernobyl in recent years, no one has returned to Maoxian. All human beings know what happened here, but animals and plants stay here passively.
In fact, scientists have studied for a long time that the amount of radiation here exceeds the standard. In the most serious area, a large number of animals and plants died half a year after the explosion. After half a year, the number of animals and plants stabilized and even rebounded slightly, which means that the number of organisms increased. Scientists were surprised by the result. After all, they all thought that the number of organisms increased It is vulnerable to nuclear radiation, but it is not.
Radioactive rays, such as alpha, beta and gamma particles, are typical. For example, gamma knife is used to cut tumor in hospital. When these components penetrate the organism, they will interrupt the electric particles, and the chemical molecules will be further broken, so the proteins and genes will be affected. If the amount of radiation received in a short time is too large, cell apoptosis will lead to the death of organisms.
Moreover, according to any biological observation in this area, scientists finally found that apart from their short-term death, the newborn also had gene mutation. For example, the newly born elk cubs were very deformed, and had great changes in body shape and color. Of course, we have to say that nature has the ability of self recovery, Plants are the first to bear the brunt, followed by animals. In fact, Chernobyl has started to rebound in terms of biodiversity and population, which surprised scientists, but it’s hard to find here. The animals that lay eggs in the soil may be caused by excessive radioactive elements in the soil. Then other animals, such as herbivores and carnivores, will still survive here because there are a lot of radioactive elements in their bodies and mutations in their genes.
However, organisms can adapt to radiation, but there is no way for human expansion and killing. Some very interesting data show that there is a kind of gray wolf in the radiation area. The number of gray wolves in the radiation area is seven times higher than that in ordinary territory, so it means that these gray wolves will survive very well. Scientists found that some gray wolves left the radiation area and migrated 369 kilometers into the area In Russia, this is a good thing for the radiation zone, but for the outside organisms and even the ecological environment, this behavior may cause the gene pollution of the outside organisms, which will cause damage to the ecological environment.
Scientists began to investigate what kind of impact the organisms coming out of the radiation zone can have on the external organisms. In fact, the current investigation is still not perfect. For such a small number of individuals, even if they pollute the external normal organisms, the risk they bring is still controllable. After all, Darwin’s theory of evolution said that gene mutation does not mean that the mutated gene is dead To be able to retain something, we have to go through natural screening. If it’s not for our own genes, it certainly can’t be retained and inherited. Therefore, if it’s a good gene, it should be retained. Now no one can say what impact it may have on the ecological environment.