In nature, there are countless different forms of organisms, in order to adapt to the development of the ecological environment, these organisms have been natural selection, survival of the fittest. After continuous evolution and development, animals have also appeared all embracing situation. For example, they are all chickens, but their kinds are dazzling, including native chicken, wild chicken, ecological chicken and so on. Unexpectedly, pheasant can be seen everywhere in rural areas, which is actually a national second class protected animal.
Let’s first take a brief look at the pheasant
Chicken is a very large family of poultry raised by human beings. In addition to black chicken, pheasant and native chicken, this family also includes our most common pheasant. So what’s the difference between these chickens? Is a pheasant a pheasant? Although the species are different, they all have a common ancestor, and in daily life, what we call pheasant is actually pheasant, just with different names. Pheasant, native chicken and black chicken should be distant relatives, but native chicken and black chicken are close relatives. However, our common domestic chickens are only domesticated by human beings and used as food for people to eat in large quantities. The ecological environment of these breeds of chickens is different.
For example, the most common pheasant in rural areas is pheasant, which belongs to birds of the family Phasianidae in the order of ornitha. In other words, pheasant, domestic chicken and black pheasant belong to the same family and different genera. A netizen said: “in fact, pheasant is the ancestor of domestic chicken, through domestication of pheasant, gradually become domestic chicken.”. In fact, this kind of understanding is wrong, because domestic chickens are not domesticated from pheasants at all, but from pheasants. Pheasants and pheasants are birds of the same family and different genera.
The picture shows a couple of roosters
In zoology, pheasants are also known as pheasants. According to relevant historical records, Empress Dowager Lu was named pheasant in the Han Dynasty. In order to avoid that pheasants and pheasants were homonymous, Emperor Gaozu of the Han Dynasty issued a ban on all pheasants, that is, all pheasants were changed into pheasants and no pheasants were allowed to be called pheasants. The name of the pheasant spread. Compared with other chicken breeds, the weight of the pheasant is 1-1.5 kg. Its feathers are bright, with dark brown stripes and purple green neck. From the appearance point of view, pheasant is smaller than domestic chicken, but the overall body shape is longer than domestic chicken, because their tail feathers are very long.
Pheasant is widely distributed in China. In addition to being common in rural areas, it is also mainly distributed in the Asian continent. For example, in fields and swamps, they like to nest in bushes and grass, with high concealment. Pheasant nests are generally simple and crude, and most of them are bowl shaped, with licorice, leaves and feathers randomly spread inside. Pheasants are distributed in almost every province of China. Among the 31 varieties of pheasants, their feather colors are also different. However, on the whole, pheasants are mainly composed of black, white, brown, brown, green and other colors. However, by comparison, the colors of male pheasants are more gorgeous and very beautiful, while the colors of female pheasants are mostly brown, with the overall color It is relatively single.
If domestic chickens are omnivorous animals, then pheasants are omnivorous animals. In addition to eating insects, they mainly eat crops and wild plants. The breeding season of pheasants is from April to July. During this period, pheasants will not travel alone. They will be together in pairs. In addition, we will often hear pheasants chirping. In fact, it is the male pheasants against the opposite sex Estrus, and also a warning to other male pheasants not to get close. Many people can’t help asking, “since pheasants belong to the pheasant family, can they fly?” The answer is can fly, although can fly, but pheasant rarely fly, they will speed up running, once human easily close to them, then pheasant will fly, at least can fly more than ten meters away.
The picture shows a pheasant’s nest
There are more and more pheasants in rural areas. What are the reasons for “flooding”?
Nowadays, there are more and more pheasants in rural areas, even “flooding”. Why on earth?
In fact, the increasing number of pheasants in rural areas is directly related to the national policy of returning farmland to forests. With the gradual loss of rural population to work, a large number of cultivated land is gradually decreasing, the number of farmers is decreasing, the number of forests is increasing, and the scope of people’s activities is gradually becoming smaller, while the habitat of wild animals is increasing, and the pheasant on the mountain naturally increases a large number of activities. In the past, pheasants mainly lived in the woods, and only a few of them would flee to the farmland occasionally. Now pheasants are all going down the mountain, especially in the breeding season, pheasants will go to the river in groups, causing trouble to the farmers everywhere. Because pheasants are very quick to respond and have strong survival ability, and their natural enemies are gradually decreasing, pheasants lose their balance in the food chain, and the number of pheasants increases naturally.
In the past, the economic development was backward, the income source of farmers was limited, and the relevant wildlife protection law was not perfect, so many farmers would go to the mountains to catch wild animals and sell them for money, including pheasants, rabbits and so on. In the process of hunting, most farmers will basically shoot pheasants with clay guns. The fire copper needs to be filled with gunpowder and steel balls. When they go to the mountains, they aim at a group of pheasants from a distance and shoot. One shot through a pheasant that must have been shot. However, with the rapid economic development, the awareness of wildlife protection is gradually enhanced, and farmers are willing to go out to work rather than stay in their hometown to farm. The cultivated land has been deserted for a long time, and the wild animals no longer need to worry that human beings will kill them. This is also the reason why the number of wild animals such as pheasant is growing in many rural areas.
In 2017, foreign media reported that pheasant is the most abundant bird on British roads. In the past 50 years, the number of pheasant in Britain has doubled and even reached the level of flooding. Researchers from the University of Exeter found that the huge pheasant population has seriously affected the lives of local people. They can live in a variety of ecological environments, i.e Even in the ice and snow, they come out to look for food. Coupled with the break of the biological chain, the natural enemies of pheasants decreased, and gradually their number increased.
Why are pheasants becoming national wild animals?
How can the pheasant, which is the most common and even overflowing pheasant in rural areas, become a national wildlife protection animal? It is estimated that everyone will have such doubts. In fact, the fact that pheasants can be included in the wildlife protection law is mainly related to this year’s epidemic. In the past, pheasant was the specialty of Nongjiale, and even many Nongjiale used it to attract customers. As long as you want to eat game, you can get it all. Lured by huge profits, many shop owners began to buy wild animals. Now if you want to eat pheasants and other wild animals, it’s just a fantasy. It’s a crime to violate the wildlife protection law.
With the occurrence of COVID-19, the animal protection law is being reamended. It can be said that this is the most stringent animal protection law ever. Once the pheasant encounters a severe bacterial virus, it will spread the epidemic. So this time the pheasant has become a national wildlife protection animal, which is included in the wildlife protection laws and regulations for the sake of human safety.
In addition, pheasant has a relatively high status in the whole family. It is not as cheap as domestic chicken and black chicken. Although the number of pheasants is increasing, or even flooding, the range of pheasant activities may be narrowed due to the impact of future changes in the ecological environment. In the future, the number of pheasants may become endangered animals with the changes in the ecological environment. For long-term consideration, the state has included pheasants in the wildlife protection law.
Pheasant is spoiling crops, and it is also a national wildlife protection. How can we effectively prevent and control it?
Some netizens will ask, “now that pheasants are rampant, how can they become the key protected wild animals in the wildlife protection law? What should we do if they spoil the makers?” Many farmers feel helpless about the behavior of the pheasant spoiling the banker. They really can’t touch or fight. Is there a good way to face the hard-working banker who is eaten by the pheasant?
Make a dummy and put it in the field
We all know that the natural enemies of pheasants are fewer and fewer. After the ecological chain is broken, pheasants are unscrupulous. In the past, humans were the biggest threat to pheasants. Now, when pheasants destroy the farmland, we should make a “plastic dummy” to dress them, preferably some bright colored clothes, so that they can be put into the farmland to scare pheasants. When we see that there are “people” sticking to their posts on duty in the farmland, naturally pheasants dare not easily get close to the farmland.
Enclose the farmland and wind the “tape” in the barbed wire
In addition, farmers can also enclose all the fields, and then wrap them in the barbed wire with “tapes”. When the wind blows, these “tapes” will make a peeping sound, which can easily scare the pheasants away. Farmers no longer have to worry that they will destroy crops.
Use beer bottles as whistles to drive away birds
Farmers can find several empty wine bottles, then put them on the ground, put more empty wine bottles at intervals, and put more soil at the bottom of these empty wine bottles to fix them. An open beer bottle will make a whistling sound when there is a strong wind. Although these sounds have no effect on human beings, the pheasants will be afraid to get close to the crops when they hear this sound. It is effective for farmers to use wine bottles to drive pheasants away.
Now the state has listed pheasants in the wildlife protection law, which is a good thing for us personally. After all, killing wild animals is for our own interests. The ecological balance of nature can not be destroyed because it meets the human appetite. Let’s call for the good treatment of animals, harmonious coexistence and protection of wild animals. Everyone is responsible!