Scientists discover the “new world”, full of fresh life inside, subverting the past cognition!
In the eyes of mankind, the earth is so vast. Since human stepped out of the earth and entered the universe, we really realized that the earth is just a small one among tens of thousands of planets, which is not as big as we thought. But in any case, the earth is still full of mysteries. There are many fields that human beings have not yet set foot in, such as the Mariana Trench and the 14 million square kilometers of Antarctica. It takes a lot of human and material resources to thoroughly understand these fields.
The Mariana Trench, in particular, has reached a depth of 11 kilometers, and human understanding of it is almost zero. Everyone is curious about the unknown. In 1960, when a geographer of the Soviet Union flew over the Vostok area, he found a huge flat area on the ice sheet. He inferred that there was a lake under the ice. At that time, his statement did not attract enough attention. Scientists discover the “new world”, full of fresh life inside, subverting the past cognition!
It was not until 1974, when the data were obtained by using the seismic detector, that we really realized that there was a huge lake about 4000 meters below the ice. According to the test, the lake is about 250 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide, with an area of 10000 square kilometers. No one thought that there would be such a big lake in such a deep place.
Scientists then launched a comprehensive census and had to admit that Lake Vostok was the largest. It’s very difficult to understand it in depth, especially when you open your eyes. It’s a big challenge to understand what exists under the ice. After all, subglacial lakes are different from the outside of the earth. We can’t guarantee that there are no viruses and bacteria underground. If these bacteria are still alive, they will bring devastating damage to today’s ecosystem. Therefore, scientists are very rational and stop them The idea of drilling through the ice.
By 2010, experts had reopened plans for subglacial lakes. In this process, experts found 3507 gene sequences, of which 94% were from bacteria and 6% were from eukaryotes. That is to say, Lake Vostok has a very complex ecosystem, including bacteria, fungi, protozoa or more complex organisms. I didn’t expect that there would be so many organisms at such a high depth underground.
What’s more, the U.S. team has found more lives under the ice. It’s incredible, far more than one. Scientists are becoming more and more curious about it. Under the thick ice, there are so many magical creatures that human beings have never known. Seeing these mysterious things, scientists are both worried and happy. They are worried that these creatures will pose a threat to human beings, and they are surprised to find more unknown areas. What do you think of this? You can leave a message for interaction.