In the South command village of Baoji City, Shaanxi Province, there is a piece of wasteland where grass has never grown for a thousand years. Because a villager found a strange stone there, the villagers’ comments attracted the attention of archaeologists. When the archaeological team arrived here, after investigation, it was found that there was a large ancient tomb underground. The overall shape of the ancient tomb is square, extending slightly from the east to the west, which is a bit similar to the “middle” shape. What is rare is that the main part of the ancient tomb is divided into three floors, with two-story mesa buildings in a circle more than ten meters away. The depth of the whole project is equivalent to the eight storey building where people live now. In this way, it can be concluded that the identity of the owner of this ancient tomb is extremely noble.
When scholars opened the door of the ancient tomb, people found more than 3000 precious cultural relics, including gold, jade, iron and stone tools. When you enter the ancient tomb, you can also see a very frightening tomb. Many people’s bones lie on the ground, their mouths are wide open, and there are many stumps. It seems that they are experiencing great fear and pain when they die, so what do these stumps represent? After careful research and research by archaeologists, these bones are not the owner of the tomb. To have such a magnificent cemetery, the owner must be rich or expensive, and the remains should also be carefully placed in the coffin. These skeletons are probably from slaves who died for the owner of the tomb at that time, and they are also likely to be prisoners of war, because this kind of burial method is extremely cruel, and they were all cut to death in the tomb and buried directly.
It is also recorded in historical books that this cruel way of sacrificial burial only belonged to the Qin Dynasty in the spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period. With the further understanding of archaeologists, many coffins have been found, which should be voluntary martyrs, but they all lie in the coffin with the same posture, and their lower limbs are curled, which further confirms the historical records: Qin people are popular in limb bending burial, this kind of funeral is to use cloth belt to curl up the lower limbs before putting them into the coffin after death Tie it up and put it in the coffin.
Later, when studying the cultural relics and treasures found, it was found that a stone fragment was engraved with the seal script of “emperor kuanxi, Gong Huan is the heir”, which further proved that the owner of the ancient tomb was Qin Jinggong, the 14th generation ruler of the Qin Dynasty. Chunjinggong once ruled the state of Qin for 40 years.
Unfortunately, such a grand Tomb of Qin Jinggong has never been spared the patronage of grave robbers. There are 247 caves in this tomb. Nevertheless, many valuable relics have been preserved. In 2000, the Museum of Qin Jinggong’s No.1 tomb was built here!