If the teacher suddenly said: tomorrow will test 100 English words. So how do you learn?
Maybe some people will try to remember all the 100 words; maybe some people will think that it’s almost enough to remember 50 or 40 words and pass the exam; maybe some people will deny themselves deeply and give up early; maybe some people will fantasize that it’s easy to have memory bread!
Moderate tension can improve memory
English words are often not memorized independently, many of them are related to each other. When a task is received to memorize a large number of new words, the relevance of memory is often disrupted, resulting in the memory effect greatly reduced.
This phenomenon is called memory interference. If you suddenly hear that there is going to be an exam tomorrow, people who don’t study well may feel great pressure.
Although moderate stress can improve memory and many other abilities, excessive stress is likely to cause a sharp decline in memory.
Up to the next day, people who can recite a total of 50 words, even if they insist on reciting 100 words, the effect will not be good. Instead of doing so, it is better to set the target at 60, which may be better.
Professor Takahashi said: “unfortunately, there is not a kind of mnemonics, which enables everyone to firmly remember 100 words the next day. It is very important to master their memory correctly and learn according to this.”
It’s not so easy to master one’s memory correctly. Take memorizing English words as an example. If one has ever experienced reciting a large number of English words like this, he can still predict one’s ability and probably know how many he can remember.
For such an experience, after repeated several times, you can more accurately estimate your actual ability.
In order to further study the relationship between stress and memory, the researchers conducted experiments with mice. Let the mice complete tasks related to memory, and when they fail, put pressure on them.
After gradually increasing the pressure intensity, we found that when the pressure is small, whether the difficulty of the task is high or low, the completion efficiency of mice will be improved.
On the contrary, when the pressure is too high, the efficiency of mice to complete difficult tasks will be significantly reduced. This relationship between memory and stress is known as the “Jacobs Dodson’s law.”.
Memory beyond one’s ability has the opposite effect
In order to force ourselves to complete the memory beyond our ability, such as reciting words, reciting strange speeches, reciting awkward texts and so on, which will make us feel more pressure and lead to the decline of memory. At this time, forced memory will make the memory effect greatly reduced.
If you study hard and accumulate, even if you suddenly have to face the exam, it will only increase the moderate pressure, which will help you get good grades.
It’s a pity that there is no mnemonics that can achieve good results only by studying a little the day before the exam. So, don’t put too much pressure on yourself psychologically. In action, learn more at ordinary times and don’t cram.
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